Infant CPR or BLS: Are They Different?
Infant CPR and basic life support (BLS) are both crucial life-saving techniques, but they differ in several important aspects. While BLS is a comprehensive approach to emergency care, including CPR, the use of an automated external defibrillator (AED), advanced airway and other life-saving procedures, infant CPR focuses specifically on providing cardiopulmonary resuscitation to infants. CPR is recommended for lay people and individuals working within the general public, but healthcare workers whose daily job often includes emergency interventions must be certified in BLS.
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Key Distinctions in Infant CPR Techniques
When performing infant CPR, healthcare providers must adapt their techniques to account for the unique needs and vulnerabilities of young patients. Some of the key differences between infant CPR and BLS for older patients include:
- Compression depth: In infant CPR, chest compressions should be approximately 1.5 inches deep, whereas adult and child compressions require a depth of at least 2 inches.
- Compression rate: The recommended compression rate for infant CPR is 100-120 compressions per minute, similar to adult and child CPR.
- Compression-to-ventilation ratio: For infant CPR, a ratio of 15:2 is recommended for two-rescuer scenarios, while a 30:2 ratio is used for adult CPR.
- Two-finger technique: When performing chest compressions on an infant, healthcare providers should use the two-finger technique, placing two fingers on the center of the infant’s chest, just below the nipple line.
- Thumbs-encircling technique: When performing chest compressions on an infant when two rescuers are available, the two thumb-encircling hands technique can be used if the hands are large enough to go around the infant’s chest.
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By enrolling in Medical ProCerts’ team subscriptions, you can ensure that your healthcare team is well-prepared to handle emergencies involving patients of all ages. Our affordable, flexible training options make it easy for medical practices and hospitals to stay up to date with the latest life-saving techniques and guidelines.
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